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Twenty20 Cricket – A Brief History, Definition, Story

T20 Cricket or twenty20 cricket or 20-20 cricket is the shortest form of cricket sport which is played all over the world. Two teams face-off each other in a complete 40 overs t20 match and each team is permitted to play a maximum of 20 overs.

Twenty20 cricket history

England and Wales Cricket Board initiated such kind of format back in 2003 in domestic tournament inter-county. First twenty20 international cricket match was played between Australia and New Zealand in 2005. The shortest format of the game gets popular quickly and cricket’s governing council International Cricket Council (ICC) introduced T20 championship.

ICC introduced ICC World Twenty20 championship whose first edition was hosted by South Africa in 2007. India won the inaugural edition of ICC World T20 by defeating arch rivals Pakistan in the final by 5 runs. Since then five editions of prestigious event have been organized successfully and sixth T20 world cup is scheduled to be hosted in India in 2016.

T20 Match Format

  • A typical twenty20 match completes in 3 hours. The time duration for the completion of one inning in the match is 75 to 90 minutes.
  • In an uninterrupted T20 match a bowler can bowl a maximum of 4 overs as one team can play max to max 20 overs. If the match is interrupted and delayed due to any reason, each bowler will be able to bowl only one-fifth of the total overs in the innings.
  • The first six-overs in a 20 over inning are reserved for powerplay. Powerplay is a fielding restriction in limited overs game and in Twenty20s, only two players can be put outside the 20-yeard circle by fielding team.
  • After completion of six overs, maximum five fielders can be put outside the 30-yard circle.
  • A maximum of 5 players can field on the leg-side at any time in match after powerplay.
  • To make the game more interesting and exciting, ICC introduced one more rule to this format as if a bowler bowls a No-Ball then batting team will be awarded one run and the next ball will be free-hit. On the free-hit ball, batsman can’t be dismissed except he gets run-out, obstructing the field, hitting the ball twice or handling the ball.
  • If a match ends at draw or tie, Super Over comes into play to decide the winner of match. In Super-Over, each team nominates three batsmen and one bowler to play one-over ‘mini match’. The team who bats second in the match, does bat first in super-over.
  • Initially the tied matches were decided by the Bowl-Out.

International debut of Teams in T20

The first Twenty20 international match was played on 17 February in 2005 between Australia and New Zealand. Hence New Zealand and Australia are the first two teams to make debut in T20 internationals. Since then 21 teams have made debut and played at least one 20-20 match. Let’s have a look at the countries who have appeared in a T20 game.

Country T20I Debut Date
Australia 17 February, 2005
New Zealand 17 February, 2005
England 13 June, 2005
South Africa 21 October, 2005
West Indies 16 February, 2006
Sri Lanka 15 June, 2006
Pakistan 28 August, 2006
Bangladesh 28 November, 2006
Zimbabwe 28 November, 2006
India 1 December, 2006
Kenya 1 September, 2007
Scotland 12 September, 2007
Netherlands 2 August, 2008
Ireland 2 August, 2008
Canada 2 August, 2008
Bermuda 3 August, 2008
Afghanistan 2 February, 2010
Nepal 16 March, 2014
Hong Kong 16 March, 2014
United Arab Emirates 17 March, 2014
Oman 25 July, 2015

Major Twenty20 Events

  1. ICC World Twenty20
  2. Indian Premier League
  3. Big Bash League
  4. Natwest T20 Blast
  5. Caribbean Premier League
  6. Pakistan Super League
  7. Masters Champions League
  8. Bangladesh Premier League
  9. Nepal Premier League
  10. Ram Slam T20 Challenge
  11. Sri Lanka Premier League
  12. HRV Cup

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